Recommended Exercises for Senior Population
Human body undergoes a series of physiological changes such as decreased cardiac output, loss of muscle mass, and low metabolism as it grows old, the rate at which these physiological changes occur are dependent on factors such as individual gene and the environments, making people experience different rates within an individual and between people, read more on this site . The rate at which these physiological changes happen can be derailed through modified physical exercises, however, the exercises need to be safe and tailored according to individual age and all risks involved should be laid down, it is important to seek recommendation from exercise professionals such as exercise physiologists for the right workouts, especially when dealing with the senior population. The process of aging is categorized into three typical phases namely, entering old age, this phase includes people who have retired from their careers or child-rearing sometimes they can be as young as 50 years, the second phase is the transitional phase, it is an intermediary of entering old age and frail age, this phase is characterized by people who are in their 70s, the last phase is frail old individuals, this group is highly susceptible due health problems associated with the aging and they may require assistance even with the most basic tasks more about this here. Most of the tasks senior people need assistance with such as bathing and dressing can be improved to make the complete them successfully by designing customized exercises, this may not be easy if you are untrained and have no exercise science fundamentals, to help you, we have outlined a simple guideline you can use so continue reading this article.
Individuals in the frail group have difficulties in completing (ADL) such as dressing, getting around or bathing and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) such as shopping, cooking, and other house chores, this is because most people in this group have chronic conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, hypertension, and loss of muscle mass which prevent proper functioning of the body. Designing physical activities tailored toward improving ADL and IADL should be prioritized for this group to improve their experience of life and make them self dependent.
The major health condition that most senior people experience is a heart condition which contributes to sudden death in these people, therefore, designing exercises that improve the health of the heart should be your priority, low impact aerobic exercises are ideal for this group, however, close monitoring is required during exercises, to make sure the intensity of the aerobic exercise remain low or moderate level as recommended monitor heart rate, blood pressure as well as their perceived exertion regularly, ensure you collect important data during such exercise to help you design a safe and progressive exercise program that is tailored to individual needs and capabilities. Those are some of the recommended exercises for seniors but also important are flexibility and coordination exercise.
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